Oriental Medicine and Health Services

T'ai Chi

T’ai Chi

What is T’ai Chi?

  • Originally a martial art
    • Chen family village, China
    • Chen Wangting (1600-1680)
  • Based on thousands of years of Chinese history, culture, medical theory, and philosophy
  • Now popularly taught and practiced as a health exercise
T'ai Chi in Hanzi

Neijia (Internal Gongfu Styles)

  • Soft styles
    • Use Qigong to cultivate a strong, relaxed structure
    • Iron wrapped in cotton
    • Use softness to overcome opponent’s force
    • 3 main styles of internal martial arts
      • T’ai Chi Ch’uan
      • Xingyiquan
      • Baguazhang

5 Styles of T’ai Chi

  • Chen
  • Yang
    • 37-posture form
    • Zheng Manqing
    • Taught at OMHS
  • Wu
  • Wu Hao
  • Sun
  • Also modern wushu t’ai chi
    • Standardized competition routines
    • Combines aspects of the 5 styles

T'ai Chi Ch'uan...What is Ch'uan?

  • Ch'uan literally means "fist"
  • It is used when referring to various "styles" or “systems” of martial arts

T'ai Chi Ch'uan or Taijiquan?

  • T'ai Chi Ch'uan - older outdated Wade-Giles transliteration
    • Sounds like "tie gee chwen"
    • NOT "tie chee chwen"
    • Apostrophe after consonants makes "hard" sounds
      • t' = "t"
      • ch' = "ch"
    • No apostrophe after consonants makes "soft" sounds
      • t = "d"
      • ch = "j"

Modern Transliteration

  • Taijiquan - pinyin transliteration
    • Still sounds like "tie gee chwen"
    • q = "ch"
  • Same exact Chinese calligraphy (hanzi)
  • This is the modern correct and official method
  • OMHS uses pinyin for most Chinese transliteration except for "T'ai Chi" because that is what the USA public is used to seeing